VW Volkswagen Type 2 known as the Transporter, Kombi or Microbus, or, as the Bus (US) or Camper (UK), The VW campervan first built in 1950 the Volkswagen buses came in many forms and colors. For its generations of fans, the love affair is far from over. The Volkswagen Beetle Bug was manufactured and marketed by German automaker Volkswagen (VW) from 1938 until 2003. Like the Beetle, the van has received numerous nicknames worldwide, including the "microbus", "minibus", and, because of its popularity during the counterculture movement of the 1960s, "Hippie van".